famine in ethiopia: how did the government make it worse? dbq answers
The 1980s Ethiopia famine and hunger crisis was one of the worst humanitarian events of the 20th century, prompting a global response to bring food assistance and save lives. Hey there ❤ ! govern Ethiopia. An early warning of the potential crisis did help Ethiopia benefit from the UN’s World Food Program. The average farm-relying family in a normal year can only produce enough food to feed itself for five months. Famine in North Korea started in the 1990s along with a deep and stark economic crisis. The aid, already not being sufficient to provide for the millions suffering starvation, is more in need by the ill. P o ssi b l e D B Q q u e st i o n s: * Y o u ca n cre a t e yo u r o w n h i st o ri ca l q u e st i o n , b u t i t h a s t o b e t e a ch e r a p p ro ve d . This number is expected to rise to a staggering 15 million by early 2016. US Aid costs $2 of US taxpayers’ money to provide $1 of food aid. So Ethiopia and East Africa will have to develop their agriculture and regional trade so that they can take care of themselves and help each other in the most difficult times. Student-made DBQ Project Working in partners or independently you will create a D.B.Q. Donor countries also have a long-term responsibility to the people they purport to support; to this end the governments of Britain, America and the European Union (who collectively give over half of Ethiopia’s annual federal budget in various aid packages) must ensure that the Ethiopian government, whoever it may be, put in place visionary plans to mitigate the impact of any future drought, which, with climate change a fact for us all, will undoubtedly take place. ( Log Out /  About three generations ago, Ethiopia was 50 percent forest. It's almost a well-oiled mechanism: when one of the three crises is over, another one kicks in, for example a drought right after a conflict, or a drought after a bad call from the government that destroyed the grain stocks. A rather polite and amiable Meles outlined his vision in a very human centered way. The food aid itself is fairly expensive. "The 1984-85 famine was in fact a political crisis characterized more appropriately by was than by drought". Other government-made causes of the famine where the “punitively high delivery quotas of staple grains to the Agricultural Marketing Corporation and heavy taxation,” plus the fact that the majority of food relief was channeled though the “government side”, this despite them only having access to a minority of the “famine stricken population” in the north. The UN estimates over 10 million are in need of emergency food aid. Of course, nothing more depressing than the sight, smell and experience of famine and hunger. Digital strategist, researcher & filmmaker. Besides, over time the rural population had come to know about the situation in Addis Ababa: insecurity, lack of jobs, and lack of housing; so they gradually came to populate the other cities in Ethiopia. The bigger threat is that if diseases such as HIV/AIDS continue to spread amongst the population, more and more people get affected, weakening too many more individuals in the workforce making them unable to produce food. According to World Bank data, farmer’s production has decreased by an average of 1 percent each year, over the past decade because of land degradation, low fertility inputs and land tenure issues. Order Print Materials. The government made a lot of things worse 1 was refusing to give Ethiopia medical aid, food, also in 1983 and 1985 about one million people in Ethiopia died because of starvation and, diseases related to hunger and more reasons the list just goes on and on. But for the last ten years it’s been as if famine was just waiting around the corner, threatening to emerge again. This shows that the country is receiving aid, but a lot of it is being utilised for different purposes, only leaving little to battle the major issue, famine. De Waal estimates that over half of the 400,000 who died in the famine can be attributed to “human rights abuses causing the famine to come earlier and strike harder, and extend further than would otherwise have been the case.” Human rights abuses that are just as acute, if not more so, under the present regime and are perhaps even more widespread. Ethiopia was not suffering major famine in the 1970’s, however, ever since the severe drought it faced in 1984, the country and it’s’ people have not been able to produce sufficient food for themselves. The Ethiopian economy has been growing, however, due to the drought, the amount of money from foreign aid that is available to use for tackling the famine crisis is lessened by $1.1 billion each year. The victims also increase the strain on the country’s dependency on foreign food aid. ( Log Out /  The most fundamental reason is that autocrats often don't care enough about the population to prevent famine. Scientists say it has been with us for millennia, but is intensifying and becoming more frequent due to global climate change; last year’s phenomenon is thought to be one of the worst on record. The famine lasted nearly a whole decade and since then the country has been suffering regular food shortages.

The report states "the lack of classic famine images....facilitates further disengagement by the media and Western publics, even as large numbers of vulnerable people face destitution, malnutrition, morbidity and mortality.". This resulted in the increase of farmers’ productivity and rural incomes as farmers were encouraged to grow cash crops such as coffee alongside their food. The drought has been the main cause of the famine. (Wikipedia) Wars and other hardships have, and still are dominating the attention of the government to try to focus on something besides their own famine troubles. Get all the latest election results from across the country, with up-to-the-minute maps and more. However, the bigger impact on the famine more recently has been by drought. Ethiopia’s food shortages and hunger crisis from 1983 to 1985 led to an estimated 1 million famine deaths, according to the United Nations. Also, food price in Wollo were no higher-often substantially lower-than elsewhere in the country.

A historical investigation of famine also identified 30 major famines during the 20th century. Thank you! Famine tend to happen in places where the victims are oppressed by dictators. For Ethiopia to truly achieve food security and avoid any dangers of famine in the future, nothing but building a democratic, transparent and accountable system is the solution. These diseases not only cause deaths, but also weaken the workforce. Unfortunately, they are still barely able to produce much crop at all. Oops! It is mind-boggling that no one is making a big deal about the fact that famine and hunger are back in the saddle once more in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia’s food shortages and hunger crisis from 1983 to 1985 led to an estimated 1 million famine deaths, according to the United Nations. to impose customs duties on aid shipments.

Along with that disease, a large amount of Ethiopians are also highly prone to various food and waterborne illnesses, such as Hepititis A, typhoid fever, etc. There was no reason the Ethiopian people should have paid for the faults of its government.

The government made a lot of things worse 1 was refusing to give Ethiopia medical aid, food, also in 1983 and 1985 about one million people in Ethiopia died because of starvation and diseases related to hunger and more reasons the list just goes on and on. The $1.1 billion used for tackling drought is also two-thirds more than what Ethiopia invests in agriculture. The answer is simple - because there is no incentive for the government to work hard to avert famine. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Is Chocolate Good for Cote d’Ivoire? Join Our Mailing List Sign Up. The problem was the poor just couldn't afford to buy. The first introduction of this technology 5 years ago led productivity to increase by 25% in Ethiopia, and the GDP grew by nearly 6% that year (agriculture counts for 45% of GDP). However, the argument that famine in Ethiopia is caused by drought doesn't hold water anymore. Your submission has been received! Many households don’t send their children to school because they may not afford it or that doesn’t allow them to help around the house with chores or on the farm. Although the Ethiopian government has made some provision to mitigate the impact of poor harvests, such as establishing a sort of Social Security net so poorer farmers can access funds for public works such as digging water holes, many have been critical of the EPRDF’s response, and their inability to foresee and plan for the current crisis. But today, the country counts among the poorest in the world by many economic and social indicators.

As of 2004 the number of Ethiopians in need of food aid went down to 7 million (from 14m), then 2 million in 2005. However, after 1974, education was improved and made to be more of an area of focus. Nothing was done in the capital Addis Ababa to accommodate the growing number of people (thus slums were created) and nothing was made to ensure the local agriculture could feed the increase in population. Extensive investigation by Alexander De Waal in his book Evil Days: Thirty Years of War and Famine in Ethiopia has found "more than half this mortality can be attributed to human rights abuses that caused the famine to come earlier, strike harder, and extend further than would otherwise have been the case."


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