Some taxonomy sources place the family Glareolidae in its own suborder, instead of being classified under suborder Lari. (2012) and Boyd, J. H. et al. Nature Communications. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Nonbreeding adult has brown speckled head and neck. (NEAR THREATENED) The reason for such diversity in shorebirds, compared to other birds, has yet to be understood. Carles III, 15, E-2. Maastrichtian record of neornithine birds in Antarctica: comments on a Late Cretaceous radiation, Several wing and thorax bones of a bird the size of a, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charadriiformes&oldid=974084365, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2007, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Kittiwake (VULNERABLE). Offer valid for new subscribers only.† Conditions apply. Jaeger (not globally threatened) The adult Lesser Black-backed Gull has black back and wing-tops; white underparts, head, neck, tail; bright yellow legs; yellow bill with red spot. L. c. cirrocephalus The arrangement as presented here is a consensus of the recent studies. van Tuinen, Marcel; Waterhouse, David & Dyke, Gareth J. Larus pacificus Pacific Gull Sometimes primary wing feathers have black spots at tips. (2003): Inter-familial relationships of the shorebirds (Aves: Charadriiformes) based on nuclear DNA sequence data. The nonbreeding gull has white speckled with the black. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. 262: 57–64. Gull (not globally threatened) This is the world's largest gull. Av. Also known as Arctic Skua, Stercorarius longicaudus Long-tailed (2016) . (2004): Avian molecular systematics on the rebound: a fresh look at modern shorebird phylogenetic relationships. Gull (not globally threatened), Larus fuscus Lesser White primary wing feathers. Polar Skua (not globally threatened) scolopacid? Gull (not globally threatened) Fast, FREE delivery, video streaming, music, and much more. Fain, Matthew G. & Houde, Peter (2004): Parallel radiations in the primary clades of birds. Thomas, G. H., T. Székely and J.D. (not globally threatened) Angus Wilson Series B, Biological Sciences. It has light gray wings; pale underwings; white shoulders, neck, underparts; little bill; red legs. Specimen VI 9901 (López de Bertodano Formation, Late Cretaceous of Vega Island, Antarctica) is probably a basal charadriiform somewhat reminiscent of a thick-knee. Following recent research, a better arrangement may be as follows: This is a list of the charadriiform families, presented in taxonomic order. Nonbreeding gull has white head, black eye-ring. Tullberg, B. S., M. Ah–King and H. Temrin. 2002). Primary wing feathers no not have white spots (mirrors) at tips. Gulls and Allies: Mew / Short-billed Gull Larus brachyrhynchus Richardson 1831 U.S.A.: Alaska; Canada: Yukon, nw,s Mackenzie s to e British Columbia, n Alberta, c Saskatchewan and ne Manitoba split from: Larus canus insert after: Larus canus Robert M. Zink, Sievert … (not globally threatened) Present-day orders emerged around the Eocene-Oligocene boundary, roughly 35-30 mya.
Dutch Birding 21: p207-218, Copyright © 2002 All rights R. n. niger Ocean Wanderers Home Page. Gál, Erika; Hír, János; Kessler, Eugén & Kókay, József (1998–99): Középsõ-miocén õsmaradványok, a Mátraszõlõs, Rákóczi-kápolna alatti útbevágásból. Reynolds. Flight feathers have white tips. Monotypic, Larus heermanni Heermann's Gull indet. ¡Comprueba tus direcciones de correo electrónico! of America, Vol. Please see your welcome email for exclusions and details. Nonbreeding adult has darker gray head. The shorebird ancestor specifically evolved from a bi-parental care system, yet the species within the clade Scolopacidae evolved from a male parental care system. Skua, Catharacta antarctica Southern The nonbreeding Relict Gull has dark-smudged ear-coverts, rear hind-crown; white tipped wings. The available evidence characteristics, is much more closely related to species in the genus Catharacta, The Red-billed Gull is a fairly small gull with an all red bill, red eye-ring, red legs and feet, pale gray wings with black wingtips. The Lava gull has gray body; black head, bill, legs; lighter gray underparts; white eye crescents. Range extends westward after breeding season. 08028. Gull), Larus audouinii Audouin's Gull Thank you. 1995. Monotypic, Larus dominicanus Kelp Gull
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